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ASER finds 87% children in K-P schools - Express Tribune

PESHAWAR: The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2018 shows promising trends in terms of access and quality of education.

The survey said that out of the sample of population it selected for its study, it found 87% children aged 6-16 enrolled in schools as compared to 86% in 2016; there is good news for quality too!, said the ASER press release.

These findings were made public in the report of Pakistan’s largest-annual citizen-led household based ASER Survey 2018 – the eighth ASER Survey Khyber Pakhtunkhwa report– launched in Peshawar on Thursday.

The Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) is the largest citizen led; household based initiative that aims to provide reliable estimates on the schooling status of children aged 3-16 years residing in all rural and few urban districts of Pakistan.

ASER is managed by Idara-e-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) in partnership with eight key civil society and partner bodies including the Khapal Khor Organisation, Bakar, Organisation for Legal and Social Services, Community Research and Development Organisation, Sawera Development Organisation, Development Concerns, Khushboo Development Organisation, Community Motivation and Development Organisation.

The report said that at least 1,500 educated volunteers trained as enumerators visited 733 villages in 25 districts. They gathered information from 14,583 households and 41,912 children of age 3-16 years. For the year 2018, the ASER K-P rural survey assessed 31,189 children of 5-16 year age cohort in Language (Urdu/Pashto), English, and arithmetic competencies.

The report aims to highlight progress and continued challenges with respect to Article 25 A of the constitution making education a fundamental right for 5-16 year old children since 2010 and also for tracking progress towards SDG 4 measuring learning outcomes at the lower primary level.


Proportion of out-of-school children has improved marginally compared to 2016, with 13% children still not going to school. This is good news as the SDG 4 goal and targets have been fully endorsed by the federal and provincial governments aligning their sector plans to the promise made both for SDG 4 (12 years of schooling) and Article 25 A (the right to education of 5-16 year old). K-P has recorded overall a 1% increase in enrolment. Nationally, the gender gap persists in out-of-school children with more girls than boys not being enrolled or dropped out of school. The percentage of girls who are out of school is still more than the percentage of boys.

In ASER 2018 amongst the 13% out-of- school children (age 6-16 years), 8% are girls and 5% are boys. There is slight significant improvement in this gap as compared to ASER 2016 (5% males and 9% females). The report urged the people to commit that no girls be left behind for quality education!

Early Childhood Education

Early Childhood Education has also been historically tracked by ASER. From 2014 when ECE enrolment was recorded at 38%, rising up to 40% in 2015, declining to 36% in 2016, and declining again to 30% in 2018 in rural KP. Overall, government schools have witnessed a surge of 11% (67%) in enrolment for ECE, whereas private sector holds 33% of total enrolment. The foundational learning stage for lifelong learning needs urgent attention and resources for implementation.


ASER is a citizen led learning accountability movement for tracking learning. Learning in ASER 2018 reveals better trends in improved student competencies in Language, English and Arithmetic. 58% class five children could read a class two level story in Urdu/Pashto compared to 45% in 2016. In English, 55% class five children could read sentences (class 2 level) compared to 43% in 2016. For Arithmetic, 69% class five children could do two-digit division in 2018 compared to 44% in 2016.

Public-Private Learning Gap

The ASER Survey 2018 highlights as per past trends that children enrolled in private schools are performing better compared to those studying in government schools. 64% children enrolled in Class-V in private schools were able to read a story in Urdu/Pashto compared to 56% Class V students studying at government schools. 

Published in The Express Tribune, March 22nd, 2019.

Source: Express Tribune

ASER 2018 celebrates 87% school enrolment in KP - Daily Times

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has witnessed an overwhelming increase of 87 per cent in the access and quality of education provided to children aged between six and 16 years.

This was announced on Thursday at the launching ceremony of the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2018 report, which examined the promising trends in the education sector.

The report also noted that the enrollment of children in school had also hiked to 87 per cent in the province.

According to a statement, the report had been compiled through a joint collaboration of Idara-e-Taleem-o-Aagahi (ITA) and other partners.

ASER report stated that around 1,500 educated and trained volunteers had visited 733 villages in 25 districts of the province. Nearly 14,583 households and 41,912 children of ages between three and 16 years were said to be made a part of the sample.

The report has witnessed a marginal improvement in the status of out-of-school children since 2016. However, it believed that as many as 13 per cent of children still remained out of school across the province.

The government was said to have endorsed Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 4 and its targets as it promised to align its plans for the sector to the commitment made by the global goal (12 years of schooling) as well as the country’s constitution’s Article 25-A (the right to education for children aged between five and 16 years).

The gender gap, the report disclosed, still persisted because more girls were found to be either not enrolled or dropped out of school than boys.

“Amongst the 13 per cent out-of-school children, eight per cent are girls and five per cent are boys,” it added.

There is a slight significant improvement in this gap when compared to 2016 when the out-of-school children consisted of five per cent males and nine per cent females.

The report said that early childhood education had declined from 36 per cent in 2016 to 30 per cent in 2018 in the rural areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It claimed that overall, government schools had witnessed a surge.

The quality of the given education was also said to have improved. The report showed improved student competencies in languages and mathematical skills. It said that 58 per cent of Grade-5 student could read a Grade-2 level story in Urdu/Pashto while only 46 per cent were found able to do so in 2016.

When tested on English, 55 per cent of the Grade-5 children were found proficient compared to 43 per cent in 2016. In mathematical skills, 69 per cent of Grade-5 children could do two-digit division in 2018 compared to 44 per cent in 2016.

It was also said that private schools were performing better when compared to their counterparts from government schools.

The survey highlighted that boys outperformed girls in literacy and numeracy skills in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa while there remained some variations between districts.

In addition to assessing children, the report also highlighted the performance of schools province-wide.

“All teachers’ attendance in government schools stood at 88 per cent as compared to 85 per cent in private schools on the day of the survey,” it reported.

Nonetheless, teachers in private school teachers were reported to have better qualifications when compared to those in public institutions.

The report noted mixed trends in multi-grade teaching while noting the provision of facilities in schools had slightly improved. 88 per cent of the government primary schools and 96 per cent of the private primary schools were found to have boundary-walls.

ASER report was compiled with an aim to highlight the progress as well as continued challenges with respect to the implementation of the Article 25 A of the constitution, which was amended in 2010 to make education a free and fundamental right for five to 16-year-old children. It also sought to track progress towards SDG-4 with reference to the learning outcomes at the lower primary level.

Published in Daily Times, March 22nd 2019.



خیبر پختو نخواہ میں 13 فیصد بچے اب بھی سکولوں سے باہر ، زیادہ تعداد لڑکیوں کی ہے۔ سروے رپورٹ روز نامہ ایکسپریس

پشاور (کیمپس رپورٹ) 2018 میں خیبر پختو نخواہ میں 87 فیصد بچے جن کی عمریں 6۔16 سال کے درمیان ہیں سکول میں جانے لگے ہیں جو کہ 2016 کی نسبت زیادہ ہے۔

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